Thursday, July 2, 2020

The Double Lives of Servants A Comparison and Contrast Between the Representation of Servants in Virginia Woolfs Between the Acts and Jamaica Kincaids Lucy - Literature Essay Samples

In her novel Between the Acts, Virginia Wolf explores the dichotomy that arises when two entirely separate social classes live under one roof together. Likewise, Jamaica Kincaid gives an intimate portrayal of a young au pair working in a wealthy, white household. Though the two authors differ greatly in the use of servants in their novels, many of their ideas about servants roles in society are similar. Even though the servants in Woolfs novel are, for the most part, secondary characters, Woolf hints at their importance by using words and phrases suggestive of the servants equality, perhaps even superiority, over the main characters. Kincaid does not bother with subtlety in showing how her servant character Lucy is vastly superior to the people for whom she works. In both books, the authors use careful diction, imagery and symbolism to portray their ideas about servants. For purposes of clarity and length this essay will solely focus on comparing and contrasting the following passag es: Pages 31-34 in Between the Acts and pages 32-33 and 58 in Lucy .In the passage from Between the Acts, Woolfs diction gives the reader information on the position of servants in the household. Firstly, Woolf declines to give the reader the real name of Mitchells boy, indicating that his fleeting existence in and out of the household (as well as in and out of the novel), is not important, even though his real name was written in the Doomsday Book (31), a book of antiquity that listed family names. Woolfs omission of Mitchells boys name is contrasted by the list that follows of three family names Waythorn, Roddam, and Pyeminster, all of which are also in the Doomsday book. The implication of listing these names while leaving out the real name of Mitchells boy is that even though the Mitchells boys name is in the Doomsday book along with the others, his name no longer retains importance because he is a servant. While the other three names are of wealthy families who get fresh fish d elivered from one hundred miles away, Mitchells boy is simply the means by which these wealthy families get their fish, and therefore his name is not important. By telling the reader that Mitchells boys name and the other three names were all in the Doomsday Book, Woolf is suggesting that all four names have some sort of equality, at least in terms of the oldness of their names. The longevity of a name holds no power for those who are presently servants, yet it is a nice accouterment for the wealthy, for they can brag that their wealth is a result of their old name.As a final thrust to this argument, Woolf writes The cook Mrs. Sands she was called, but by old friends Trixie-had never in all her fifty years been over the hill, nor wanted to. The reversal of calling a servant Mrs. Sands when her old friends know her as Trixie suggests that Mrs. Sands has resorted to her more refined name so that she may earn the respect of her employers, who place great importance on names. Woolf do es not state specifically whether Mrs. Sands name is in the Doomsday Book or not, but either way, Mrs. Sands is a woman who has completely morphed into her role as a servant in that she seems completely uninterested in the world beyond her kitchen. Unlike Mitchells boy, Mrs. Sands has never traveled over the nearest hill, nor has she any desire to do so. In this way she provides a great contrast to Mrs. Swithin, who is always daydreaming about some far away place or time.Another example of how Woolfs word/name choice reflects the role of servants is Woolfs description of the metamorphous of the name of the very fine yellow cat who rose majestically from the basket chair and advanced superbly to the table (32). The name of the cat changes depending on whether it is located in the drawing-room, where it is called Sung-Yen, or in the kitchen, where it is called Sunny. Even though it is not directly stated, the implication of this metamorphous is that the family calls the cat Sung-Yen, while the servants call it Sunny; this is an inference that the reader draws just by the contrasting purposes of the drawing room and the kitchen. In other words the servants are not very likely to spend much time in the drawing room (unless cleaning it) and the family is not likely to spend time in the kitchen, for the servants prepare all the food. Ironically, it is Mrs. Swithin who notes that, Next to the kitchen the librarys always the nicest room in the house even though it is probable that Mrs. Swithin spends far less time in the kitchen than the servants.More interestingly are the symbolic meanings of the names Sung-Yen and Sunny. It is important to note that Sung Yen was an emperor of a province in China in 520 AD who saw one of the regions in his control, Gandhara, invaded and destroyed by the White Huns. The Huns virtually expiated Buddhism, had destroyed monasteries and had slashed most of the population of Gandhara (Marx). This information is important for several reaso ns. Firstly, it draws a parallel between the Huns destroying a Buddhist civilization and the Nazi invasion of Britain in the early 1940s, the time period in which Woolf wrote Between the Acts. The Huns, like the Nazis, are infamous in history for their brutal and savage methods of war. Secondly, the very fine yellow cat can be interpreted to mean an Asian emperor, as yellow is often a term used by Western peoples, sometimes derivatively, to describe the Asian race.The fact that the cat is called Sung Yen when it is in the vicinity of the drawing room also emphasizes an earlier scene in the novel, in which Woolf writes Many old men only had their India (18), implying that the men in the house read books about the far east to escape into a romantic, Orientalist fantasy. This fantasy has manifested itself in the naming of the cat after an emperor who saw the downfall of his civilization. The irony of this is that while the men are dreaming of the fantastic and romantic stories of ancie nt gory battles and the lost civilizations of China, their own present civilization is on the verge of collapsing in a very unromantic, unexotic way to the Nazis. When Woolf adds later that the chapel had become a larder, changing, like the cats name, as religion changed (32) she adds the Protestant Reformation as another example of one society conquering another.Meanwhile, the servants in the kitchen see that the cat is yellow and therefore call him Sunny which makes much more sense to them than Sung-Yen since they most likely have never read any literature about ancient China. And it can also be inferred that just as the servants have turned a chapel into a larder, they have taken a name full of symbolic and historic meaning and turned it into something childishly simple. (This is also the case on page 32 when the servants take all of the glamour and respect out of the name Master by calling him Bartie in the kitchen, and the fact that they call Mrs. Sands Trixie). In this way Wo olf shows that the servants are much more practical people than the family for which they work; Sunny is a much more common-sense name for a yellow cat than a name derived from an obscure Chinese emperor that lived over 1500 years ago. The name Sunny also implies that the servants, though their lives contain more tangible hardships, are actually more carefree about their situations than the members of the family. Even though the family members do not have to work (nor do they seem to do anything except read and put on pageants) they create their own hardships by pining for a fictitious, romantic past and brooding over the present. Perhaps this is because if the Nazis, like the Huns, were to destroy British civilization, the servants would have the least to lose, whereas the nobility, like the emperor Sung Yen, would lose their long maintained superiority.Another example that shows Woolfs ability to subtly reflect the roles of servants through her diction and imagery is when Mrs. Sw ithin enters the kitchen to help Mrs. Sands prepare the sandwiches (34). Woolf writes Mrs. Sands fetched bread; Mrs. Swithin fetched ham and in this way reflects the social status of each woman; the servants eat bread while the wealthy can afford pricey meats. At first it seems that Mrs. Swithin is being generous by helping the cook prepare the sandwiches, but then Woolf lets the reader know that while the women performed this handiwork together the cook is the only one who is really working. While the cooks hands cut, cut, cut Mrs. Swithin daydreams about bread, yeast, alcohol, Bacchus, and a youthful romantic encounter under purple lamps in a vineyard in Italy. Once again, Woolf shows the practicality of the servant and the flightiness of the master. Woolf continues this idea until it seems that not only are the servants more practical than their masters, but they are also somewhat superior in intelligence, at least in common sense intelligence. Woolf writes In the kitchen they hu mored old Mother Swithins fancies. This suggests that instead of the masters looking after the servants, the exact opposite is true; Mrs. Sands looks upon Mrs. Swithin as sort of a childlike figure, who must be humored and not taken seriously. Even though Woolf makes it clear that Mrs. Sands understands her place (as demonstrated when Mrs. Sands says her nephew has been doing what boys shouldnt; cheeking the master) the reader can interpret the entire scene as evidence that in many ways the servants of the household are stronger and more intelligent than their masters.In her novel, Lucy, Jamaica Kincaid uses tactics similar to Woolfs to come to a similar conclusion that servants often excel their masters at perceiving reality. The main difference between the servants in Woolfs novel and Kincaids character Lucy is that while the servants play a secondary part in Between the Acts, Lucy is the main character throughout Kincaids novel. Instead of relying on intermittent scenes to infer the authors thoughts on servants as the reader must do in Woolfs work, Kincaid allows the reader to directly experience the life of the traditionally secondary character. In other words, Between the Acts is a book about the type of people represented by Mariah and Lewis in Lucy, whereas Lucy is a book that focuses on the character represented by Mrs. Sands in Woolfs novel.By giving the reader the perspective of the servant Kincaid is able to highlight the intricacies of society that often go unnoticed by non-servants. Kincaid writes The other people sitting down to eat dinner all looked like Mariahs relatives; the people waiting on them all looked like mine (32). This statement points out something that is obvious yet overlooked; it is clear that everyone sitting at the table is white and that everyone serving them is black, yet Lucy is the only one that seems to notice this, or think about it. Even though it is clear to everyone in the scene that the whites are eating dinner whi le the blacks are serving them, the people at the table seem to have never thought about this; for them it is a way of living that is unquestioned. As children, it is possible that they had an au pair like Lucy that subconsciously taught them that black people were their servants. And as for the black servants that Lucy observes as well, they too seem unquestioning of their position. Lucy describes them as very dignified, as if they were just emerging from a church after Sunday service. But whether the other black servants, like Lucy, are consciously thinking about the separation of whites and blacks in the room or not, their dignity, in addition to Lucys lucidity in sizing up the situation is a testament to Kincaids positioning of servants as equal to, perhaps even superior to, their masters.Lucys realization of racial segregation in the dining room, however, is not a realization that she is just like the other servants because of her color. Kincaid writes On closer observation, th ey were not at all like my relatives, they only looked like them. My relatives gave backchat. Lucys distinction between the servants and her relatives is an important one because it shows that she sees that even though she may share the same skin color as the other servants she is not necessarily like them. It is possible that Mariah and the other white diners believe that Lucy has more in common with the black servants because they look alike. Kincaid makes it clear, however, that Lucy is as different from the other black servants as she is from the white people at the table. By doing so, Kincaid also highlights one of the major themes throughout Lucy; namely that each person is unique and comes from a very specific background. Lucy does not like it when people ask her if she is from the islands because Lucys island is very specific to her, and every other island is very different from hers. Likewise, the dining room scene lets the reader know that it is wrong to believe that her race is the only thing that defines her personality, for her personality and personal experiences differ widely from those of the other servants.Another scene in which Kincaid uses Lucys perspective to reflect the different roles of servants is when Mariah shows Lucy the freshly plowed fields that she loved so much (33). In this passage Kincaids diction is especially reflective of the idea that servants see much more than what their masters think they see. Kincaid writes Mariah left her own compartment indicating the separation between where the rich white woman sleeps and where her au pair sleeps. Mariah draws up Lucias blind for her. The word blind in this context has several connotations. Firstly it suggests that Lucy can not draw the blind for herself, that Mariah must draw the blind for her, and then condescendingly enlighten Lucy with something Lucy had supposedly not been aware of before. Secondly it suggests that Lucy was blind, as in, she had no idea what beauty a plowed fi eld could hold. As Kincaid shows the reader, Lucy is not only beyond appreciating the beauty of a field, but she also realizes what a plowed field symbolizes the enforced slavery of millions of her ancestors. Mariah is unaware of this symbolism; she is only able to see the beauty of the freshly plowed fields. This episode intensifies the feeling throughout the book that the most naive characters are the masters while the servants have a much sharper perception.Perhaps the passage that reflects Lucys role as a servant most poignantly in Kincaids novel is the one in which Lucy describes what Dinah thinks of her (58). This passage directly states that while others view Lucy as a kind of sub-human entity, she intelligently dissects who they are, and what they want. Kincaid writes To a person like Dinah, someone in my position is ÂÅ'the girl as in ÂÅ'the girl who takes care of the children'. By showing Dinahs refusal to give Lucy her own specific name, Kincaid echoes the theme that p eople like Dinah are able to ignore disturbing thoughts (such as a servant being more intelligent than her master) by dissociating that servant from any specificity. Dinah can more easily ignore Lucy as a person if she thinks of her as the girl who takes care of the children instead of Lucy. Dinahs refusal to acknowledge Lucys name is an indication that Dinah feels she is superior to Lucy in some way; after all, Dinah is Dinah. Yet Lucy sees that Dinah is not a specific person, but a clichesomething I was very familiar with. Lucys accurate portrayal of Dinah creates irony; Dinah is the stereotypical jealous woman, while Lucy is anything but the stereotypical servant that Dinah perceives her to be.Both Virginia Woolf and Jamaica Kincaid have elevated the roles of servants in their novels to be more than transient accoutrements to the main characters of the plot. In Woolfs case this elevation is more subtle and its extent can only be seen by a careful analysis of her prose. In Kincaid s novel the servant is the main character, and through relatively simple language Kincaid reveals complex intricacies in the relationships of the servant to the master. Both authors show how servants live in double worlds, the worlds of their masters, and the worlds which are uniquely their own. These worlds come alive when Woolf and Kincaid show the servants trying to balance them and transcend through the barriers that each world holds. When Woolf and Kincaid show that Mrs. Sands is also Trixie, and that the girl who takes care of the children is also Lucy, the reader is introduced to the complicated lives of the servants.Work CitedIrma Marx. Gandhara School. (14 December 2000).

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

The Minimum Drinking Age Should Be Legal - 1983 Words

The minimum age limit has been a topic of debate for years even though the choice is simple. Did you know that most parents living in Kansas nowadays grew up in a time in Kansas when they could drink a little alcohol when they were only 18 years old? Many people believe that if we allow drinking at younger ages such as 18 or 19 it would get rid of the â€Å"forbidden fruit† effect on alcohol. This is a way of thinking for fools about the problem of legal age of alcohol consumption. The reasons why we shouldn’t change the drinking age to 18 are it damages brain development and it causes more social problems. This problem came about soon after the Prohibition on alcohol was repealed in 1933, it was left up to the state to decide what†¦show more content†¦In order to prevent more deaths, 24 of the 29 states that had originally lowered their drinking age quickly raised the age back to 21 between 1976 and 1984. In 1984, there were still three states left that still allowed 18-year-olds to drink any and all types of alcoholic liquor. The other remaining states had adopted some sort of stair-step age requirement policy that was based on the type of liquor being consumed with higher levels of alcohol requiring higher ages to drink. Federal transportation authorities viewed this wide range of varying state laws as a real safety problem for all roads and traffic. Alcohol-related traffic injuries or deaths were increasing and many of these accidents were a result of kids traveling from their home states to neighboring states that had lower drinking ages and then becoming injured or killed as they returned to their home states drunk. These borders to states that had differing drinking ages and many accidents became known as â€Å"blood borders† for obvious reasons. Congress wanted a solution so they enacted the National Minimum Drinking Age Act which was recommended by President Reagan’s Commission on Drunk Driving in 1984. Sta tes were going to lose 10% of their federal highway funds unless they raised the minimum drinking age in their state to 21 for all alcoholic beverages. All the states had complied after a short time so that now all 50 states have a minimum drinking age of 21. There is

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Essay on The Dhammapada - 1239 Words

The Dhammapada is a Pali version of one of the most popular text of the Buddhist canon. The Dhammapada, or â€Å"sayings of the Buddha†, is a collection of 423 verses that tell about the ideals and teachings of the Buddha. When taken together, these verses provide a structured form of teaching within the Buddhist religion. These verses are a kind of guiding voice to the path of true enlightenment. The Dhammapada is a religious work that is meant to provide a certain set of religious and ethical values, as well as a certain manner of perception of life and the problems that life brings along with the solutions. Although the verses may be looked at as trying to create good or bad people, the verses are actually trying to get people to†¦show more content†¦However one can not meditate without wisdom. This idea seems to say that the practices of the bhikkhu must include meditation and gaining wisdom. The Buddhist monks engage in these practices because it is the way of the Buddha. Within the text, it is very clear that the Buddha finds meditation of great importance. If not directly speaking about meditation, the Buddha speaks about having a disciplined mind. â€Å"It is good to restrain one’s mind, uncontrollable, fast moving, and following its own desires as it is. A disciplined mind leads to happiness† (V. 35). As well as having a disciplined mind, the me ntal state that the bhikkhu strives to cultivate is one that is at peace, developed, and guarded. â€Å"†¦the bhikkhu whose mind is at peace experiences a more than human joy...† (V. 373). Just the same, a mind should be guarded because a guarded mind brings happiness. â€Å"A wise man should guard his mind for it is very hard to keep track of, extremely subtle, and follows its own desires. A guarded mind brings happiness† (V. 36). Through cultivating the mind, the bhikkhu has certain effects on society and in turn society has certain obligations with respect to the bhikkhu. Because the bhikkhu leads a life without desire and hate, he becomes an example for society; showing what kusala is and what a person should strive to be. In return, it is up to society to make donations and offerings to keep the bhikkhu content. The qualities and attainmentsShow MoreRelatedDhammapada Essay1247 Words   |  5 PagesThe Dhammapada is a Pali version of one of the most popular text of the Buddhist canon. The Dhammapada, or sayings of the Buddha, is a collection of 423 verses that tell about the ideals and teachings of the Buddha. When taken together, these verses provide a structured form of teaching within the Buddhist religion. These verses are a kind of guiding voice to the path of true enlightenment. The Dhammapada is a religious work that is meant to provide a certain set of religious and ethicalRead MoreFour Noble Truths Of The Dhammapada815 Words   |  4 Pagespopular religious texts in the Buddhist world was and is the Dhammapada, which provides sayings and truths that shed light on this journey to nirvana. Out of the 423 Buddhist truths presented in the Dhammapada, numbers 20, 75, and 89 provide particular insight into the core teachings of the Buddhist religion and mindset. Each saying highlights a portion of the key principles present in the Buddhist belief system. Saying number 20 of the Dhammapada outlines the three unwholesome roots and how a man canRead MoreTeresa of Avila’s Way of Perfection and The Dhammapada1669 Words   |  7 PagesIn Teresa of Avila’s Way of Perfection and The Dhammapada there is a discussion of the conceptual metaphorical system and mysticism which is significant for â€Å"Metaphor, Mysticism and Spirituality.† The metaphorical concept of â€Å"path† is mentioned in both Teresa of Avila’s Way of Perfection and The Dhammapada. This metaphorical concept of â€Å"path† comes up in both texts but is mentioned in very similar but different ways and this is what makes it so interesting to look at. Although the conceptual metaphoricalRead MoreSiddhartha Gautama, Or The Buddha1045 Words   |  5 Pagesaround today. The Fourth Edict illustrates that AÅ›oka gave his officers and leaders of his empire the power to judge and to inflict punishment, but he only allowed them to do s o if they were fair, patient, and understanding. This reflects The Dhammapada, a collection of Buddha’s sayings in verse, one of the most recognizable pieces of Buddhist scripture. AÅ›oka wanted his people punished uniformly, but fairly. AÅ›oka has taken the concept of the middle path from Buddhism and applied it to hisRead MoreEssay about Comparison of Socrates and Siddhartha Guatama Buddha 880 Words   |  4 Pagesouter-worldly through mastering the worldly. Socrates relinquishes sensual desires in hopes of spiritual rebirth after death and achieving enlightenment in life. Buddha relinquishes the same ideas, but in hopes of living an enlightened life on earth. (The Dhammapada: Socrates Buddha Vs. Desire) My contention is to compare Philosopher Socrates from Plato and Siddhartha Guatama Buddha, and I will demonstrate their similarities and differences based on their practices and beliefs. 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The Dhammapada and Sutta Nipata, chapter 1, emphasizes the importance of disciplining our thoughts: â€Å"All that we are is the result of what we have thought: it is founded on our thoughts, it is made up of our thoughts. If a man speaks or acts with an evil thoughtRead MoreBuddhism Essay1537 Words   |  7 Pages Guide to the Tipitaka: â€Å"An outline of the Pali Buddhist Canonical Scriptures of the Theravada School. The is a unique work as it is probably the only material that deals in outline with the whole of the Pali Buddhist Tipitaka.† The Dhammapada: â€Å"The Dhammapada, or the Treasury of Truth, consist of 423 verses spoken by the Buddha on about 300 occasions in the course of his teaching ministry of forty-five years. The gems of truth embodied in these texts aptly illustrate the moral and philosophicalRead MoreThe Pali Canon and The Theravada Buddhism1086 Words   |  5 Pagessuffering follows as the wagon wheel follows the hoof of the ox. All experience is preceded by mind, led by mind, made by mind. Speak or act with a peaceful mind, and happiness follows Like a never-departing shadow. Source: Dhammapada 1.1-2 This piece of scripture shows us that we have the ability to choose the path we follow. Being aware of the reactions that our speech and actions create is an important aspect in being mindful and self aware. As we saw in the Buddhas firstRead MoreDevotion Is A Major Theme1608 Words   |  7 Pagesbegin, in Buddhism, they must devote themselves to bettering the self and releasing all worldly attachments. In this religion, the self is everything and it must be glorified. â€Å"If one knew oneself to be precious, one would guard oneself with care† (Dhammapada, pg. 42). In this line, it is saying that if a Buddhist devotes himself to becoming one with the self, a Buddhist must guard himself with care and good intent. Coupled with the devotion to the self, devotion to the eightfold path and the four noble

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Comparing and contrasting Not My Best Side and Warning...

Comparing and contrasting Not My Best Side and Warning Not my Best and Warning are about stereotypes and how these poems go against that. In not my best side the stereotype is that the three characters are meant to go with their roles, good the knight... Comparing and contrasting Not My Best Side and Warning Not my Best and Warning are about stereotypes and how these poems go against that. In not my best side the stereotype is that the three characters are meant to go with their roles, good the knight, bad the dragon and helpless the princess but don’t. In Warning the old woman is going to go against society by wearing clothes, which do not go, and buying items, which are useless. Not my best side is about Uccellos†¦show more content†¦Then the knight comes along her first impression was â€Å"what was underneath the hardware?† she is saying about how you could see everything about the dragon but not the knight he was covered in armour. The knight could have acne, blackheads or even bad breath. She says but the dragon got beat by the knight and she got to think of her future. This means she fancied the dragon but now he is dead so she may as well have the knight as she might as well get something out of it. She has to choose the second best. The knight starts by saying how good he is â€Å"I have a diplomas in dragon† then he starts about how good his items are special like his custom-built spear and prototype armour still on the secret list. Even this horse is special it’s the latest model with automatic transmission and built- in obsolescence he treats his horse like a car. At the end he asks four rhetorical questions to emphasise his control they are â€Å"So why be so difficult?† â€Å"Don’t you want to be killed and/or rescued in the most contemporary way?† â€Å"That sociology and myth have designed for you?† â€Å"You are endangering job-prospects in the spear and horse building industries?† Unlike the dragon and the princess he is staying with his role and telling the other two to do as well. His tone is im the best and the princess should just love him at once and the dragon will die a painful death with him still looking cool and calm. â€Å"Warning† isSho w MoreRelatedNavigating Early1978 Words   |  8 Pagesstory about the character Pi with the numbers of Pi helped him remember the numbers of Pi. For this assignment you are asked to create your own story to remember the first 15 digits of Pi. 1. You should first brainstorm ideas for your story. The best way to do this is to create a web of ideas. 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Critical Evaluation Of Remix Culture - 1450 Words

Critical evaluation of remix culture brings us to the focus of who are benefited and privileged for accessing to remix culture and what are borrowed and arranged in creating the new. In postmodern eraï ¼Å'advance technology become a strong driving force for ‘remix culture’, whereby its widespread global information database enabled artist to easily access, manipulates and references other people’s work or artifacts into their own creative blends. A brief look at the art history reveals that remix culture is actually nothing innovative or new, but actually long existing with human culture. Especially for recent years ‘remix practice’ certify its familiarity with artist through prolific works from all different kinds of artistic fields. Such as Stella McCartney’s fashion work CHINATOWN PLAID (2013); a remix of Asian culture with high fashion, Yasutoshi Ezumi’s fashion work from Tokyo spring collection 2016; a deconstructed fashion work fr om architectural form and a digital appropriation portrait of Mona Lisa. Through out the 20th century the emerge of advance technology enabled a more globalised scope of art, prompting a shift in the creative practice in favor of a more and more passive â€Å"read-only† (RO) culture (Lessig, 2008). â€Å"The 20th century was the first time in the history of human culture when popular culture had become professionalized, and when the people were taught to defer to the professional,† (Lessig, 2008) Professor Lessig states. In other hand, widespread access toShow MoreRelatedConsumer Behavior Study Notes7882 Words   |  32 Pagesvalues, such as health, wisdom, or world peace Socialization Agents: institutions/people that teach us beliefs, like parents, teachers or friends Enculturation: process of learning beliefs and behaviors endorsed by ones own culture Acculturation: learning of anothers culture How Values Link to Consumer Behaviour * Cultural values (i.e. security or happiness) * Consumption-specific values (i.e. convenient shopping or prompt service) * Product-specfic values (i.e. ease of use or durability) Read MoreSocial Media Impact on Business10631 Words   |  43 Pagesmessages transmitted through these media. They have become a major factor in influencing various aspects of consumer behavior including awareness, information acquisition, opinions, attitudes, purchase behavior, and post-purchase communication and evaluation. Unfortunately, the popular business press and academic literature offers marketing managers very little guidance for incorporating social media into their IMC strategies. Integrated marketing communications (IMC) is the guiding principleRead MoreSocial Media Impact on Business10637 Words   |  43 Pagesmessages transmitted through these media. They have become a major factor in influencing various aspects of consumer behavior including awareness, information acquisition, opinions, attitudes, purchase behavior, and post-purchase communication and evaluation. Unfortunately, the popular business press and academic literature offers marketing managers very little guidance for incorporating social media into their IMC strategies. Integrated marketing communications (IMC) is the guiding principleRead MoreImpacts of Information Technology on Individuals, Organizations and Societies21097 Words   |  85 Pagesmarkets and individual employees. 17.6 Conclusion 17.7 Managerial Issues Discuss the impacts of information technology on the quality of life and interpersonal relationships. Recognize the legal, ethical, and moral issues that become particularly critical due to proliferation of information technology. Minicases: 1. Megachurches 2. RFID for Consumer Products Integrating IT ACC FIN MKT POM HRM IS SVC 663 MOVIE PIRACY The Problem Generations of moviegoers went to movie theaters to enjoy the

Plans After Graduating free essay sample

My secondary goal is to assure me of a long-term career in education as I am currently a college instructor in SIT College Santa Rosa. It is a prerequisite for any budding educator to always pile up on ones credentials to attain not just the knowledge but also an assurance of better opportunities both in the academic world but also in government agencies as well. Upon completion Of said degree see myself continuing in the academe and also go into research on government policies and possible ways of improving the countrys state in terms of governance.My background in sociological studies is a tool that can help me be effective in research and PM will enhance my skills and my knowledge in terms of public management. I also plan to take up my PHD inside the next 5 years depending on how long it would take to finish up my masters degree. We will write a custom essay sample on Plans After Graduating or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page I am also looking for. Award for a possible opportunity to work for my alma mater if not Open University perhaps LCP either a researcher or a professor.It is also my goal that through the program that I am applying for could impact the lives of my students by sharing with them what I have learned both from the program and also from whatever research materials are already available. If I would be able to do this, the impact will be tremendous both intellectually and also in the lives of my students. From their ranks are future leaders of this country or perhaps citizens that would help improve the lives of their countrymen their different contributions.

Unamimous okay for Alexander Essay Example For Students

Unamimous okay for Alexander Essay Explaining that she wishes to give something back in return for the rich life she has experienced in the arts, actress Jane Alexander made her congressional debut before the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee on Sept. 22 and was swiftly and unanimously confirmed as chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts. Although unanimity is rare on the committee, the proceedings, which were chaired by Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.), went so smoothly that the committee waived the customary waiting period and forwarded Alexanders name the same day to the full Senate. That body approved her appointment by voice vote the following week. I came here this morning thinking I was going to participate in a confirmation process, but I think we are participating in a deification process, quipped Sen. Howard M. Metzenbaum (D-Ohio) in response to the flood of praise that greeted Alexanders appearance before the committee. We will write a custom essay on Unamimous okay for Alexander specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now If not a deification, a coronation at least, shot back Sen. Claiborne Pell (D-R.I.). Alexander was introduced by Sen. David L. Boren (D-Okla.), who praised her work teaching young people in his state, and Sen. Alfonse DAmato (R-N.Y.), who commended President Clinton for his wise and brilliant choice, and acknowledged the actress for her sacrifice in interrupting a successful theatre and film career to become a public servant. Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-Utah) echoed the praise, noting, Its about time we had someone from the arts in this position. He acknowledged that Alexander is uniquely qualified to help restore confidence in the NEA, but cautioned that the NEA has to face the fact that its constituency is not the arts community; its constituency is the American people. Conspicuously absent was Sen. Dan Coats (R-Ind.), a known opponent of the NEA, but even conservative Senator Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.) read a glowing statement of support. NEA nemesis Jesse Helms (R-N.C.), who is not on the committee, had already tipped his hand to the press, stating that he intended to support Alexanders nomination, noting that his daughters name is Jane Alexander Helms. Lurking in the hall outside the hearing room was Christian Action Network president Martin Mawyer, who complained that his organization had submitted a list of 20 questions, but the committee had failed to ask any of them. He expressed frustration that the hearings did not succeed in getting Alexander on the record in response to reforms he believes the agency needs. Alexander did address head-on the tension between the NEAs supporters and detractors in her statement before the committee. The arts, she said, should not be used as a political football by those on the far right or the far left. The arts are for everyone. She acknowledged that she could not promise that the arts would be free of controversy under her chairmanship, but assured the committee she will be accountable. She said she intends to let the American people know all the good the NEA has done, and to travel to as many states as possible, talking and listening to people. The arts are a community issue, she concluded. They bring together, they do not rend asunder. Press coverage of the hearings was mostly positive in the following days. Although the ultra-conservative Washington Times characterized Alexanders ringing endorsement by the arts community as like a pack of foxes endorsing a particular brand of chicken wire, the Washington Post heralded Alexanders selection and smooth reception as hints of a turning tide. Alexander was expected to be on the job early in October, marking a new era in the history of the NEA. Best for the Most Excerpts from Jane Alexanders Sept. 22 statement before the Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee: .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 , .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .postImageUrl , .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 , .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2:hover , .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2:visited , .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2:active { border:0!important; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2:active , .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2 .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ubca7ad98fc4bd7f7a0a97f01522290f2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Live performance theatre EssayThe life I have led in the theatre, in the world of art, has given so much to me personallyparticularly from Endowment-supported worksthat I wish to give something back. Perhaps I can make a real contribution at this difficult time. The Endowment has struggled these past few years to keep itself alive and valued in the public eye. In these 28 years, it has awarded 100,000 grants. It has been an unparalleled success, perhaps the most successful of any of the independent federal agencies. Directly and indirectly, it has affected most artists and arts organizations alive today and created an arts economy of about 6 percent of the Gross National Product, and over 2 1/2 percent of our work force. The Endowments budget is modest in comparison with other government agencies, but with its $175 million budget last year, it created a 20-fold return in jobs, services and contracts. In partnership with the private sector, it leveraged that $175 million to almost $1.4 billion. With all its accomplishments, how has the Endowment managed lately to be depicted as a villain? A handful of controversial grants had taken the focus from the thousands upon thousands of grants that have enhanced the lives of millions. I respect the right of people to be heardthe voices of those who are disturbed by art and the voices of the creative community. This, after all, is the greatness of our democratic system. But the arts should not be used as a political football by those on the far right or the far left. The arts are for everyone. The Endowment is too important to be misused by some who disseminate misinformation for their own ends or attack the Endowment as a campaign platform. I believe strongly that the sound and the fury of the past few years over that handful of controversial grants must end. When judging the National Arts Endowment, we must look at the complete picture. Lets give the arts a chance to help us heal and understand one another. I cannot promise that under my chairmanship the arts will be free of controversy. The very essence of art, after all, is to hold the mirror up to nature; the arts reflect the diversity and variety of human experience. We are, as Hamlet says, the abstracts and brief chroniclers of the time. and as such, the artist often taps into the very issues of society that are most sensitive. I can, however, assure Congress that I will follow the statutory guidelines on funding to the very best of my ability to insure that grants are given for the highest degree of artistic merit and excellence. I will be accountable and look forward to working with members of Congress. My goal for the arts is that the best reaches the most. I intend to let the American people know the truth about the Endowment and the value of the arts in each and every one of their lives. I am committed to making the Endowment a driving force for education. I also look forward to an enhanced partnership with the private sector. I want to work with state arts councils and local agencies to develop new and innovative ways to reach communities everywhere. I hope to travel all across this country to listen to the people about their needs with regard to the arts, from the most rural area to the inner city. I have a vision for the arts in this country. That vision is that every man, woman and child find the song in his or her heart. I see the arts as part of the solution to our problems and not, in any way, part of the problem. Through the arts, we release the very best that is in our imaginations, and it is through our imagination that we draw the map for our future. Through the arts we learn the discipline of a skill and the accomplishment that comes with collaboration, The arts are a community issue. They bring together, they do not rend asunder.